Roots of Entanglement: Essays in the History of Native-Newcomer Relations

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Edited by Myra Rutherdale, Whitney Lackenbauer, and Kerry Abel

Roots of Entanglement offers an historical exploration of the relationships between Indigenous peoples and European newcomers in the territory that would become Canada. Various engagements between Indigenous peoples and the state are emphasized and questions are raised about the ways in which the past has been perceived and how those perceptions have shaped identity and, in turn, interaction both past and present.

Specific topics such as land, resources, treaties, laws, policies, and cultural politics are explored through a range of perspectives that reflect state-of-the-art research in the field of Indigenous history. Editors Myra Rutherdale, Whitney Lackenbauer, and Kerry Abel have assembled an array of top scholars including luminaries such as Keith Carlson, Bill Waiser, Skip Ray, and Ken Coates. Roots of Entanglement is a direct response to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s call for a better appreciation of the complexities of history in the relationship between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples in Canada.

Roots of Entanglement: Essays in Native-Newcomer Relations. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. xxiii, 539 pp.  (With Myra Rutherdale and Kerry Abel.)



I Introduction

Myra Rutherdale, P. Whitney Lackenbauer, and Kerry Abel

II The Crown, Colonial Spaces, and Aboriginality

The Simcoes and the Indians, Kerry Abel

Lord Bury and the First Nations: A Year in the Canadas, Donald B. Smith

“Chief Teller of Tales”: John Buchan’s Ideas on Indigenous Peoples, the Commonwealth, and an Emerging Idea of Canada, 1935-40, Brendan Frederick R. Edwards

At the Crossroads of Militarism and Modernization: Inuit-Military Relations in the Cold War Arctic, P. Whitney Lackenbauer

Alaska Highway Nurses and DEW Line Doctors: Medical Encounters in Northern Canadian Indigenous Communities, Myra Rutherdale

III Interraciality and Education

Negotiating Aboriginal Interraciality in Three Early British Columbian Indian Residential Schools, Jean Barman

Language, Place, and Kinship Ties: Past and Present Necessities for Métis Education, Jonathan Anuik

IV Law, Legislation, and History

They Have Suffered the Most: First Nations and the Aftermath of the 1885 North-West Rebellion, Bill Waiser

“Powerless To Protect”: Ontario Game Protection Legislation, Unreported and Indetermined Case Law, and the Criminalization of Indian Hunting in the Robinson Treaty Territories, 1892-1931, Frank Tough

One Good Thing: Law and Elevator Etiquette in the Indian Territories, Hamar Foster

Reclaiming History through the Courts: Aboriginal Rights, the Marshall Decision, and Maritime History, Kenneth S. Coates

VI Anthropologists, Historians, and the Indigenous Historiography

“We Could Not Help Noticing the Fact That Many of Them Were Cross-eyed”: Historical Evidence and Coast Salish Leadership, Keith Carlson

An Appealing Anthropology, Frozen in Time: Diamond Jenness’ The Indians of Canada, Dianne Newell and Arthur J. Ray

VII Conclusion

Aboriginal Research in Troubled Times, Alan C. Cairns

Note on Contributors